The goal of this report published by the National Women’s Business Council (May, 8, 2019), is to inform and establish a baseline understanding of the dynamics of rural women entrepreneurs, comparing them to rural men entrepreneurs and non-rural women entrepreneurs. Research indicates that rural entrepreneurs, particularly women, may face geographic and socio-cultural challenges associated with launching and growing businesses. Further, entrepreneurship is central to economic and job growth in rural areas. As such, identifying relevant trends and crafting policy and action items designed to alleviate those challenges is an economic imperative. While rural entrepreneurship is a well-studied phenomenon in the literature, little work focuses on the gender differences that arise among rural entrepreneurs.